Corticosteroids are man-made drugs that closely resemble cortisol, a hormone that your adrenal glands produce naturally. Corticosteroids are often referred to by the shortened term “steroids.”
Steroids work by decreasing inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system. Inflammation is a process in which the body’s white blood cells and chemicals can protect against infection and foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses. In certain diseases, however, the body’s defense system (immune system) doesn’t function properly. This might cause inflammation to work against the body’s tissues and cause damage.
Steroids reduce the production of chemicals that cause inflammation. This helps keep tissue damage as low as possible.
Steroids are used to treat many conditions in which the body’s defense system unable to function properly and causes tissue damage. Steroids may be the main therapy for certain diseases. For other conditions, steroids might only be used sparingly or when other measures have not been successful.
Steroid injections are used in the treatment for certain inflammatory conditions, such as:
- Autoimmune diseases
- Blood disorders
- Chronic Pain
- Dermatologic conditions
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus