About Pain Management
Pain Management is the use of analgesics narcotic and/or non-narcotic to alleviate or reduce the occurrence or severity of pain.
Acute Pain may be caused by traumatic injury, a surgical procedure or a medical disorder.
Chronic Pain is persistent and often lasting more than 6 months.
Oncology patients may have moderate to severe pain caused by the tumor pressing on bones, nerves or other organs in the body.
Pain medications act by relieving pain at different sites along the ascending nerve pathway from the site of injury to the brain. How and where they work depend upon the drug itself.
Pain treatment plans are tailored to individual patients’ needs.
Pain Management Therapies at home:
For acute post-operative pain medication is generally given via Patient Controlled Analgesia (PCA) pump for 2-4 days via peripheral or central venous access.
For long-term chronic pain management surgically implanted pump may be used to administer pain medication. The pump is filled regularly by a Registered Nurse or physician by inserting a special needle into the access port of the pump. This is a very highly technical procedure that requires special training.
Pain medication for cancer can be given via Transdermal (skin) Patch, Intravenous, Subcutaneous, Epidural, Oral or Intrathecal routes. The patient may use a portable PCA pump allowing to self-administer a medication and control their pain. These pumps are small and lightweight and can be worn around the patient’s waist to promote mobility.
Common Diagnosis for Pain Management:
- Acute Post-Operative Pain – Generally caused by the surgical incision, procedure and post-operative swelling.
- Chronic Intractable Pain – (Secondary to Cancers) – Can be due to the cancer itself or due to tumor growth that causes pain to other organs or portions of the body.
- Peripheral Neuropathy – A condition in which the nerves in the peripheral portions of the body, usually the legs and feet, have constant pain. This can be a side effect of some medications or a complication of a disease such as diabetes.